WP 0005

Inscriptions of Roman Tripolitania 2021

0396. Fragmentary building? inscription under Septimius Severus

Description: Part of a marble panel, recomposed from fragments w: 3.80 x h: 0.95, left part missing).
Text: Inscribed on one face.
Letters: Lines 1-2, Rustic capitals, 0.05-0.06. The existing lines 1-2 have been re-inscribed in the space from which a previous text, in honour of Commodus (see line 5), has been erased. Lines 3-8: Second century CE capitals, 0.07-0.085.

Date: CE 198-210. (titulature)

Findspot: Lepcis Magna: Regio II, Hadrianic Baths, in the Frigidarium.
Original location: Unknown
Last recorded location: Findspot, and three fragments in Lepcis Museum


[--- Imp(eratoris) Caes(aris) L(uci) Septimi S]eue[ri Pii Pertinacis Aug(usti) Arabici A]diaben[ici Par]thici maximi [pontificis max]imi [tribunici]ae potes[tati]s [c. 1 - 2] imp[eratoris? co(n)s(ulis) p(atris)?] p(atriae) et I[mp(eratoris)]
[Caes(aris) M(arci) Aurelli Antonini --- et I]uliae [Augu]ṣtae [matris Augusti et cas]tror[um totiusque] diuinae domus
[---] Rusoṇianus fl[am(en)] augur IIuir q(uin)q(uennalis) cellam f[rigi]darii et [c]ry (sic)-
[pta ---] ṛui[na con]labsas [e]x pollicitatione m[un]eris gladiato[ri o]ḅ honorem
5 [quinquennalita]ṭis p[c. 6 - 7] permissu sacratiss[imi pr]incipis diui M(arci) Antonin[i f(ili)] a fundamentis
[---] marmoribus et co[l]umnis exornauit stat[u]am Aesculapii nouam
[--- res]tituit ceter[as] refe[c]it ex [multi]s aliis [m]une[ribu]s rei p(ublicae) suae conlatis et
[---]uli nomine ụị[c. 1 - 2]itị[---]

(Fragment of uncertain position )

[---]ḅus [---]


[---................]EUE[..........................]DIABEN[......]THICIMAXIMI[.............]IMI[.........]AEPOTES[....]S.[c. 1 - 2]IMP[............]PETI[..]
[---]ULINOMINE..[c. 1 - 2]IT.[---]

(Fragment of uncertain position )


3-4: [c]ry/[pta] Di Vita-Évrard, 1991

English translation

Translation by: J. M. Reynolds

a.[---of Emperor Caesar Lucius Septimius] Severus [Pius Pertinax Augustus, victor in Arabia], victor in Adiabene, greatest victor in Parthia, chief [priest], holding [tribunician] power for (scil. at least) ten times, acclaimed victor [--- times, consul --- times father] of the country, and of Emperor [Caesar Marcus Aurellius Antoninus] and of Julia Augusta [mother of Augustus and] of the camps [and of the whole] divine household, [---] Rusonianus, flamen (priest), augur (priest) quinquennial duovir [gave] the main chamber of the cold bath and [---] which had collapsed in ruins, instead of the gladiatorial show promised on account of the office of the quinquennial duumvirate [---] with the permission of the most sacred emperor, son of deified Marcus Antoninus, from the foundations [---]; he adorned it with marbles and columns, [gave] a new statue of Aesculapius, restored [---] others new among many other generous gifts made to his city and [---] in the name [---].

b. (Not usefully translatable)


a) Line 1: trib. pot. X? After 202; but VI or VII possible - 198 (after the assumption of the title Parthicus) - 9 Dec. 199.

a) Line 5: M. Antoninus filius. This is Commodus.

Bibliography: Bartoccini, 1929, 79ff., pl. VIII b; IRT, 1952, 396, whence IRT, 2009, 396; Benseddik, 2010 60; EDH 059316; Di Vita-Évrard, 1991 , whence AE 1991.1619. See also Laronde, 2005 114-115, whence AE 2005.1662; for BSR images see BSR Digital Collections.


   Fig. 1. BSR (Sopr. DLM 250 Lastre)

   Fig. 2. Left end: Ward-Perkins, 1951 (Ward-Perkins Archive, BSR 51.II.27)

   Fig. 3. Left end: Tantillo (2005)

   Fig. 4. Centre: Ward-Perkins, 1951 (Ward-Perkins Archive, BSR 51.II.28)

   Fig. 5. Centre: Tantillo (2005)

   Fig. 6. Right end: Ward-Perkins, 1951 (Ward-Perkins Archive, BSR 51.II.31)

   Fig. 7. Right end: Tantillo (2005)

   Fig. 8. From left: Above, fragments from 396; Below: 626, 750: Ward-Perkins, 1948 (Ward-Perkins Archive, BSR 48.XXII.16)